This page highlights ethnic identity development theories.Ethnic identity is often used interchangeably with racial identity. However, an individual’s ethnicity is more than just his or her heritage. Ethnicity is the culture, beliefs, and values of one’s heritage.

Breton, Isajiw, Kalbach & Reitz’s Components of Ethnic Identity

Breton, Isajiw, Kalbach & Reitz's Components of Ethnic Identity Previous cohorts of FSU students have developed these printable summaries and used them to prepare for test and papers.  We hope they'll be of help to you too. Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of...

Torres’ Model of Hispanic Identity Development

Torres’ Model of Hispanic Identity Development Previous cohorts of FSU students have developed these printable summaries and used them to prepare for test and papers.  We hope they'll be of help to you too. Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the Theory:   Model...

Berry’s Process of Acculturation Model

Berry's Process of Acculturation Model Previous cohorts of FSU students have developed these printable summaries and used them to prepare for test and papers.  We hope they'll be of help to you too. Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the Theory:  Four phases...

Phinney’s Model of Ethnic Identity Development

Phinney’s Model of Ethnic Identity Development Jean S. Phinney developed a three stage model of ethnic identity development (1992) based on research with minority adolescents combined with other ego identity and ethnic identity models, especially the works of Marcia...