Ferdman and Gallego’s Model of Latino Identity Development

Brief Overview
This theory “focuses on the ways Latinos come to think about themselves in a diverse and ever-changing society against the backdrop of a wide range of historical and cultural influences.”
Printable Summary (PDF)

Previous cohorts of FSU students have developed these printable summaries and used them to prepare for test and papers.  We hope they’ll be of help to you too.





Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the Theory

Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the Theory:  

  • Important Note: Racial identity is a secondary identity in the Latino culture
  • Six Orientation (Belief that identity is a process not staged):
    • Latino- Integrated –
      • Individuals understands our society in terms of race and identified with the larger Latino community
    • Latino-Identified –
      • Individuals believe race is fluid and society is a dualistic construction of race.
    • Subgroup-Indentified –
      • Individuals have strong identification with specific subgroup within the Latino culture, belief that all other subgroups are subordinate
    • Latino as other –
      • Individuals who hold no stake in a subgroup, often cause by the uncertainty of his or her heritage
    • Undifferentiated/denial –
      • Individuals claim a color-blind mentality and race is not important
    • White Identified –
      • Individuals identify as white and the view, values and beliefs as such
Application of Theory to Practice

This section is designed to provide student affairs professionals, staff, and faculty members with tips and tools to apply theory to practice.

Annotations of Associated Literature

Annotations listed below are associated with the author’s original work to provided a more in-depth look at the theory.

Original Citation

Ferdman, B. M., & Gallegos, P. I. (2001). Racial identity development and Latinos in the United States. In C. L. Wijeyesinghe & B. W.            Jackson III (Eds.), New perspectives on racial identity development: A theoretical and practical anthology (pp. 32-66). New York: New      York University Press.

Additional Resources

The following Prezi reviews Cross and Fhagen-Smith’s Model of Black Identity Development, Helms’s Model of White Identity Development, Ferdman And Gallegos’s Model of Latino Identity Development, Kim’s Asian American Identity Development Model, and Horse’s Perspective on American Indian Identity Development. The prezi includes critiques, application, and an activity. The prezi also includes a short preview of the movie Crash (2004) which displays many examples of racial identity development, though the prezi does not state them explicitly. The activity includes an extension of the video, which asks students to identify a fictional or a real character who portrays racial identity development. This is useful in providing alternate, tangible understandings of the various theories.
Link: https://prezi.com/mbvzdvjfrvwm/racial-identity-development/

A presentation of the theory and how it can be used and applied to students in higher education settings.                                             Link: https://prezi.com/4tcvcb5qpnb4/ferdman-gallegos-latino-identity-development/

Information submitted by Hollie Daniels


The webpage is maintained by Amanda Peerce and Jesse Ford.  For information on the page, please contact Amanda Peerce at apeerce@fsu.edu or Jesse Ford at jford3@fsu.edu.

Patton, Renn, Giudo, and Quaye (2016). Student development in college:  Theory research and practice. San Francisco: Jossey-                  Bass.