This page highlights psychosocial, cognitive-structural integrative development theories.  For more information on an individual theory, please select the information below.

Marcia’s Ego Identity Statuses

Marcia's Ego Identity Statuses  Marcia introduced identity statuses to explain how college students experience and are able to resolve crises. James E. Marcia is a clinical and developmental psychologist and is known for extending Erik Erikson’s work. James Marcia...

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Chickering’s Seven Development Vectors

Chickering's Developmental Vectors and Educationally Influential Environments Arthur Chickering's Seven Vectors theorize the "tasks" that students must go through while developing their identity. Dr. Author Chickering is the creator of the seven vectors used to...

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Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development

Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Kolhberg’s theory of moral development states that we progress through three levels of moral thinking that build on our cognitive development. Previous cohorts of FSU students have developed these printable summaries and used...

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Gilligan’s Theory of Women’s Moral Development

Gilligan's Theory of Women's Moral Development Gilligan, a former student of Lawrence Kohlberg, developed the theory of moral development for women.  Gilligan, felt that Kohlbergs original theory did not account for gender difference and childhood relationships...

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Baxter Magolda’s Model of of Epistemological Reflection

Baxter Magolda’s Model of of Epistemological Reflection Previous cohorts of FSU students have developed these printable summaries and used them to prepare for test and papers.  We hope they'll be of help to you too. Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the...

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King & Kitchener’s Reflective Judgment Model

King & Kitchener's Reflective Judgment Model King and Kitchener’s model of reflective judgment provides a framework for educators to help students enhance their problem-solving ability by learning to make defensible judgments about vexing problems. The Reflective...

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Rests Neo-Kohlbergian Approach

Rest's Neo-Kohlberg's theory developed an objective measure of moral development: the Defining Issues Test (DIT).  It explored institutions and social systems, unlike Kohlberg who limited stage content to social institutions. Rest developed the Neo-Kohlbergian...

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Perry’s Theory of Intellectual and Ethical Development

Perry's Theory of Intellectual and Ethical Development  The purpose of Perry’s Theory of Intellectual and Ethical Development is to examine how students make meaning of the teaching and learning process. More specifically, this model is used for understanding how...

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Schlossberg’s Transition Theory

If you have ever played the board game LIFE, Schlossberg’s Transition Theory won’t come as a big surprise. LikeLIFE, transition theory helps adults process and grow from unexpected (real) life turns. According to Evans et al. (2010), Schlossberg’s Transition Theory...

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Kegan’s Theory of Evolution of Consciousness

Kegan's Theory of Evolution of Consciousness Kegan refers to his theory as the “personal unfolding of ways of organizing experiences that are not simply replaced as we grow but subsumed into more complex systems of mind” (Evans et al., 2010, p. 178).  What?...

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Baxter Magolda’s Theory of Self-Authorship

Baxter Magolda’s Theory of Self-Authorship   Baxter Magolda defines self-authorship as “the internal capacity to define one’s beliefs, identity, and social relations” and answers the three following questions (Evans et al.,2010, p.184). How do I know?  Who Am I?  How...

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