Berry’s Process of Acculturation Model
Printable Summary (PDF)
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Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the Theory
Stages, Levels, Phases, and Components of the Theory: Four phases towards self-authorship:
- ways individuals of different ethnicities relate and assimilate to the dominate culture
- Four Strategies:
- Individual identifies strictly with dominate culture and abandons his or her own ethnicity
- Individual conjures he or her own identity separate from his or her own ethnicity or dominate ethnicity
- Individual identifies with his or her own ethnicity with no regard to any other ethnicity, especially the dominate culture
- Individual identifies with his or her own ethnicity, as well as, understands infusion of dominate ethnicity into the holistic identity
Application of Theory to Practice
This section is designed to provide student affairs professionals, staff, and faculty members with tips and tools to apply theory to practice.
Annotations of Associated Literature
“Students who worked with advisors who encouraged reflection in goal setting and intentional planning and discussed with students their nonacademic life experiences were more likely to develop abilities and perspectives associated with self-authorship” (Evans et al., 190).
Berry, J. W. (1984). Cultural relations in plural societies: Alternatives to segregation and their socio-psychological implications. In N. Miller & M.B. Brewer (Eds.), Groups in contact(pp. 11-27). Orlando, FL: Academic.
Berry, J. W. (1993). Ethnic identity in plural societies. In M.E. Bernal & G. P. Knight (Eds.), Ethnic identity: Formation and transmission among Hispanics and other minorities (pp. 271- 296). Albany: State University of New York Press.
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